定制案例     |      2021-12-21 00:31
本文摘要:备课I答疑I资讯教学中总有些工具值得分享@外语教师同盟单元·重点检索语言目的1.Talk about festivals and cultures谈论节日及文化2.Learn to give a personal reaction学会给出自己的看法3.Master the usage of object clause掌握宾语从句的用法重点单词stranger n. 生疏人relative n. 亲戚;亲属 folk adj. 民间的;民俗的steal v. 偷;窃取dess


备课I答疑I资讯教学中总有些工具值得分享@外语教师同盟单元·重点检索语言目的1.Talk about festivals and cultures谈论节日及文化2.Learn to give a personal reaction学会给出自己的看法3.Master the usage of object clause掌握宾语从句的用法重点单词stranger n. 生疏人relative n. 亲戚;亲属 folk adj. 民间的;民俗的steal v. 偷;窃取dessert n. 甜点;甜食garden n. 花园;院子admire v. 浏览;仰慕 tie n. 领带; v. 捆;束treat n.&v. 招待;款待novel n. (长篇)小说punish v. 处罚;处罚warn v. 警告;申饬warmth n. 温暖;温暖spread v. 流传;伸张dead adj. 死的;失去生命的重点短语put on增加(体重);发胖 lay out摆开;部署end up以……竣事 remind...of 提醒……重点句型What a great day!何等好的一天啊!Because the New Year is a time for cleaning and washing away bad things.因为新年是清洁和洗刷掉晦气事物的日子。Whoever drank this could live forever, and Hou Yi plannned to drink it with Chang’e.无论谁喝了这个都市永生不老,后羿计划和嫦娥一起喝。

How he wished that Chang’e would come back!他何等希望嫦娥可以回来啊!But behind all these things lies the true meaning of Christmas.但这所有一切的背后就是圣诞的真正意义所在。He warns Scrooge to change his ways if he doesn’t want to end up like him.他警告斯克鲁奇,如果他不想了局如他,就得改变他的作为。Section A语言·知识精讲What a great day!何等好的一天啊!此句为what引导的叹息句。

结构为:What+a/an+形容词+可数名词单数(+主语+谓语)!主语和谓语通常可以省略。例如:What a nice bag!何等漂亮的一个包啊!What an interesting book! 何等有趣的一本书啊!若修饰的是可数名词复数,其结构为:What+形容词+可数名词复数形式(+主语+谓语)!例如:What delicious cakes (they are)! 何等鲜味的蛋糕啊!What good teachers (they are)!何等好的老师啊!若修饰的是不行数名词,其结构则为:What+形容词+不行数名词(+主语+谓语)!例如:What bad weather (it is)! 多糟糕的天气啊!What delicious chicken soup (it is)! 多鲜味的鸡汤啊!2.I’ve put on five pounds.我已经胖了五镑。put on意为“增加(体重);发胖”。

例如:He is too thin and he should put on some weight.他太瘦了,需要增加点体重。She doesn’t want to put on any weight.她不想再长胖了。

除此之外put on 另有“穿/戴上(衣帽)”以及“上演;上映”的意思。例如:Put on your coat. It’s cold outside.外面冷,请穿上大衣。The play will put on tomorrow.这个话剧明天上映。

3.I wonder if it’s similar to the Water Festival of the Dai people in Yunnan Province.我在想这是否和云南省傣族的泼水节相似。people既可以用来表现“人;人们”,又可用来表现“民族”。在此句中意为“民族”。

(1)作“人;人们”讲时为荟萃名词,用单数形式表现复数意义;作主语时谓语动词用复数。例如:People have more amusement than before.现在的人们比以前的有更多的娱乐方式。Many people enjoy living in a city center.许多人喜欢住在市中心。

若要表现“一小我私家”,英语不能用 one people,可凭据情况改用 one person, one man, one woman, one boy 等。(2)表现“民族”时,为可数名词,可以与数词连用。

例如:There are 56 peoples in China.中国有56个民族。Which people are you from?你来自哪个名族?4.Because the new year is a time for cleaning and washing away bad things.因为新年是清洁以及洗刷掉晦气事物的日子。a time for...意为“是……的时间”,后接名词或动词ing形式。也可用 a time to do sth.例如:Saturday is a time for rest.星期六是休息的时间。

Saturday is a time for having a rest.星期六是休息的时间。Saturday is a time to have a rest.星期六是休息的时间。“ It’s the time to do/ for doing sth.”意为“是该做……的时候了”。例如:It’s time to go to school.是该去上学的时候了。

It’s time for having supper.是该吃晚饭的时候了。5.Chinese people have been celebrating Mid-Autumn Festival and enjoying mooncakes for centuries.中国人庆祝中秋节、吃月饼已经有好几百年了。

“have been doing sth”为现在完成举行时结构。现在完成举行时与现在完成时的区别:(1)现在完成时表现行动已经完成,而现在完成举行时则表现行动还在举行。例如:I have read the book.我读过这本书。

I have been reading the book.我一直在读这本书。(2)现在完成时通常只陈述事实,而现在完成举行时还可表现一种情感色彩。例如:I have waited for a long time.我等了良久。

(陈述事实)I have been waiting for a long time.我等了良久。(等得好辛苦)(3)现在完成举行时通常用来谈论较短暂的行动或情况,而现在完成时则用来谈论延续较长的行动或情况或永久性情况。

例如:He has lived in Beijing.他(一直)住在北京。He has been living in Beijing.他(现在)住在北京。(表暂时性) 6.Mooncakes are in the shape of a full moon on Mid-Autumn night.月饼是中秋之夜满月的形状。(1)be in the shape of...“……的形状”。

be in the shape of+n.=be+n. shaped.例如:That toy is in the shape of horse.=That toy is horse shaped.谁人玩具是马的形状。(2)在节日前介词用on。例如:People often fool others on April Fool’s Day.在愚人节人们经常愚弄别人。Children are happy on Children’s day.儿童节孩子们很开心。

除此之外,在详细的某天、星期几、星期几的早上(中午或晚上)、以及由天气词表现的时间前也用介词on。例如:I was born on May, 20th, 1997.我出生于1997年5月20日。I often play basketball on Sunday.我经常周日打篮球。

She helps her mother wash dishes on Friday evening.星期五晚上她帮她妈妈洗碗。That old man died on a cold morning.谁人老人在一个严寒的早上去世了。7.Whoever drank this could live forever, and Hou Yi planned to drink it with Chang’e.无论谁喝了这个都可以永生不老,后羿计划和嫦娥一起喝。whoever意思是“无论谁”,在此句中引导主语从句, 谓语动词用单数形式。

whoever也可引导宾语从句。用法类似的词另有whichever, whatever, whenever, wherever, however。例如:Whoever breaks the rules will be punished.无论谁违反了规则都市受到处罚。

Give the apple to whoever you like.你喜欢谁就把苹果给谁。8.How he wished that Chang’e could come back! 他何等希望嫦娥能回来啊!此句为疑问词how引导的叹息句。

其结构为“how+主语+谓语+宾语从句”。“wish+(that) ……”通常表现愿望很难实现。that引导的从句使用虚拟语气,用一般已往时或已往完成时。

例如:How she wishes that she were a boy!她多希望她是个男生啊!How I wish that I could fly up to the sky!我何等希望能飞上天啊!语法·要点总结what,how 引导的叹息句叹息句用来表现人的强烈情感,是英语中的一种重要句型。比力常见的是由what和how引导的叹息句。

1.what引导的叹息句主要有以下三种:(1)What+a/an+形容词+可数名词单数+主语+谓语!例如:What a hot day it is!何等热的天气啊!What an honest man he is!他是个何等老实的人啊!(2)What+形容词+可数名词复数形式+主语+谓语! 例如:What expensive pencils they are!何等贵的铅笔啊!What good parents they are!他们是何等好的怙恃啊!(3)What+形容词+不行数名词+主语+谓语! 例如:What fine weather it is!多好的天气!2.how引导的叹息句主要有四种:(1)How+形容词+主语+谓语! 例如:How cold it is today!今天天气真冷啊!How beautiful the flowers are!这些花何等漂亮啊!(2)How+副词+主语+谓语!例如:How fast he runs!他跑得多快啊!How hard they work!他们事情何等努力啊!(3)How+主语+谓语!例如:How time flies!时光似箭!How she dances!她跳舞跳得多好啊!(4)How+形容词+a/an+可数名词单数+主语+谓语!此句型可与 “What+a/an+形容词+可数名词单数+主语+谓语!”交换。例如:How old a building that is!=What an old building that is! 那是一栋何等破旧的楼房啊!3.what或how引起的叹息句,在口语中常可以省略主语、谓语或其它句子身分。例如:What a good girl (she is )!多好的一个女孩子呀!How hot (it is)!天气多热呀!Section B语言·知识精讲1.But behind all these things lies the true meaning of Christmas.可是在这些事情背后隐藏着圣诞节的真正意义。此句为倒装句。

behind为所在副词,意为“在……后面”,置于句首需用完全倒装,其结构为“所在状语+谓语+主语”,谓语动词用单数还是复数形式取决于主语。例如:In the city center lives an old man.市中心住着一个老人。Out comes our English teacher.我们的英语老师走出来了。There stand two big trees.那里有两棵大树。

2.The story in A Christmas Carol is perhaps the best example of this.《圣诞颂歌》里的故事或许是对此最好的诠释。example意为“例子”,与此相搭配的短语有:or example 例如;set an example to...“给……树立模范”;give an example“举例”;take sb. as an example“以……为模范”。例如:People from different countries have different manners.For example, Japanese bow to greet.来自差别国家的人有差别的礼仪。

例如,日本人通过鞠躬来打招呼。He set a good example to his sister.他给他妹妹树立了一个好模范。Please give an example of what you mean.请举一个例子来说明你的意思。

Children take their parents as an example when they are young.孩子小时候以怙恃为模范。3.Marley used to be just like Scrooge, so he was punished after he died.Marley已往曾跟Scrooge一样,因此他死后受到了处罚。(1)used to意为“已往经常;曾经”,暗含现在不做了。

例如:I used to go to school on foot, but now by bike.我已往走路上学,但现在骑自行车。I used to be a shy girl when I was young.我小时候曾是个含羞的小女孩。92)被动语态的结构为:be+已往分词。

因此句中 was punished意为“受到处罚”。例如:You will be punished if you don’t apologize.如果你不致歉就要受到处罚。

He was punished because he stole things from others.他因为偷工具而受到处罚。4.He warns Scrooge to change his ways if he doesn’t want to end up like him.他警告Scrooge如果不想有他一样的了局就改变行事方式。warn sb. to do sth.意为“申饬某人做某事”,warn sb. not to do sth.意为“警告某人不要做某事”。


例如:My mother warns me to close windows at night.妈妈申饬我晚上关窗户。Uncle Li warns his daughter not to talk to strangers.李叔叔申饬他女儿不要跟生疏人讲话。5....reminds Scrooge of his happier days as a child.让Scrooge想起了他更快乐的儿童时光。

remind的用法有三种:remind sb. of sth.“让某人想起某物”; remind sb. to do sth.“提醒某人做某事”; remind sb.+that 从句“提醒……”。例如:It reminds me of my best friend.这让我想起了我的好朋侪。My friend reminds me to finish my homework.我朋侪提醒我完成作业。

My friend reminds me that I should finish my homework.我朋侪提醒我应该完成作业。6.He decides to change his life and promises to be a better person.他决议改变生活,而且答应做一个更好的人。

(1)decide to do sth.=make a decision to do sth.=determine to do sth.=make a determination to do sth.=make up one’s mind to do sth.意为“决议做某事”。例如:He decided to run a business.他决议去做生意。I decided to find a parttime job.我决议找一份兼职。

(2)promise to do sth.=make a promise to do sth.意为“答应做某事”。例如:I promised to help him whenever he is in trouble.我允许过他无论何时他有贫苦我都帮他。

My father promised to take me to Tibet for vacation.我爸爸答应过带我去西藏度假。7.He also gives gifts to people in need.他还送礼物给需要资助的人们。in need意为“处于逆境;需要资助”。

在此句中作后置定语修饰people。例如:A friend in need is a friend indeed.磨难见真情。

Lily is so kind that she often helps people in need.Lily如此热心,她经常资助有需要的人。拓展be in need of sth.=need sth.意为“需要……”,可在need前加上形容词。例如:I’m in need of money now.我现在需要钱。

Children from homeless area are in great need of love and care.无家可归的孩子急需关爱。8.He now treats everyone with kindness and warmth, spreading love and joy everywhere he goes.他现在用善良和温暖看待每一小我私家,让爱和欢喜在他所走的每一处流传。“spreading love and joy everywhere he goes”为现在分词短语,在句中作状语,表现效果。例如:Football is played in 80 countries, making it the most popular sport in the world.有80个国家踢足球,这使得足球成为世界上最受接待的运动。

He comes home late every evening, making his wife very angry.他天天回来得很晚,这使他妻子很生气。语法·要点总结宾语从句(一)置于动词、介词等后面起宾语作用的从句称为宾语从句。

其语序必须是陈述句语序,结构为:主句+连词+宾语从句(主语+谓语+……)。其引导词有:连词 that, whether, if; 代词who, whose, what, which; 副词when, where, how, why 等。that, if, whether引导的宾语从句1.陈述句充当宾语从句时,用that引导,that无实义,通常可省略。例如:He said (that ) he could finish his work before supper.他说他会在晚饭前完成事情。

My mother told me (that) she would come to see me.我妈妈告诉我她会来看我。2.当由一般疑问句充当宾语从句时,用if或whether引导,意为“是否”。

例如:I don’t know if / whether he still lives here.我不知道他是否还住在这儿。I wonder if / whether I can park my car here.我不知道我能否在此停车。注意:以下情况中只能用whether,不能用if:(1)有or或or not时,尤其是直接与or not连用时,往往用whether。例如:Let me know whether/if he will come or not.让我知道他是否能来。

I wonder whether we stay or whether we go.我不知道我们是去还是留。(2)在介词之后用whether。例如:I’m interested in whether he likes English.我体贴的是他是否喜欢英语。

I worry about whether I hurt her feelings.我担忧是否伤了她的情感。(3)在不定式前用whether。例如:He hasn’t decided whether to visit the old man.他尚未决议是否去造访那位老人。

I don’t know whether to go.我不知道是否要去。(4)whether置于句首时,不能换用if。例如:Whether this is true or not, I can’t say.这是真是假,我说不上来。Whether he will come or not, I don’t care.他来不来我都不在乎。

Self Check总结·易混巧辨hope与wish1.hope一般偏重于表达有可能实现的愿望,而wish一般偏重于表达不大可能或基础不行能实现的愿望。例如:I wish to come tomorrow.希望我明天能来。

I hope to come tomorrow.我希望明天能来。2.wish和hope均可接宾语从句。wish常用虚拟语气,表现一种无法实现的或不真实愿望;而hope用真实语气,表现很有可能实现或获得。

例如:I wish I were a bird.希望我是一只小鸟。I hope I can pass the exam.我希望能通过考试。3.wish后面通常接“宾语+不定式”结构,而hope则不能。

例如:I wish you to come and join us.我希望你能来和我们在一起。4.wish后面可接双宾语表现“祝愿”,而hope则不能。

例如:I wish you a happy New Year! 祝您新年快乐!5.作简略回覆时,hope后可用替代词so(肯定)或not(否认),而wish不行。例如:I hope so.我希望如此。I hope not.我不希望这样。

总结·外交用语1.Guess what?这是口语常用语Guess what? 的字面意思是“你猜怎么着?”, 但有时并不是真的要你猜, 只是引起听者注意。如:A某天遇到过B, 然后A向C形貌遇见B的历程。

A 对C 说:I met B this morning.I said hello to him.Guess what? He smiled to me without saying a word.我早上遇到B,我跟他打招呼。你猜怎么着? 他朝我微笑可是没说话。2.Good luck.Good luck是表现祝愿的外交用语,有“走远”,“交好运”的意思。

在“Good luck”后可跟介词短语“to sb.”或 “with sth.”,表现“祝某人走运”或“祝某事顺利”的意思。例如:—I have a job interview tomorrow.我明天有一次事情面试。

—Good luck.祝你好运。3.I think so.I think so.意为“我也是这样想的”,指自己同意对方的看法。

后面一般不用too。表现否认时可用I don’t think so, 也可以用I think not。例如:—Zhang Yimou is a good director, right?张艺谋是个好导演,对吗?—I think so.(肯定)/ I don’t think so/ I think not.(否认)我想是的。/我不这样认为。